Learning to Learn Skills and Behaviour

Click here for Xingnan Primary School’s LLSB Website

Learning to Learn Skills are a set of skills and behaviour which Xingnanians will be equipped with at the end of the Primary School education. (It is modified and adapted from Arthur Costa's Habits of Mind and also takes references from Project Zero (A Harvard University Project).

Through equipping pupils with Learning to Learn Skills and Behaviours, we hope that pupils will become self-directed and lifelong learners.


Learning to Learn Skills and Behaviour give structure to learners’ thinking and shape their behaviours. The behaviours then lead to results, or outcomes, which may be positive or negative. Learners then take time to reflect on the results and the processes.

By the time learners have reached the stage whereby it has become a habit, this self-reflection will become an automatic process if they want to change results or outcomes. Two key components of the reflection stage are to evaluate how the LLSB were used and how to refine their use to achieve the desired change.

VISION (Outcome)

An engaged and self-directed learner.

MISSION (What we do)

To develop lifelong skills and behaviours that will enable them to excel in life.


To enable pupils to:
- Develop thinking and learning abilities
- Develop attitudes toward thinking and learning
- Develop their alertness to opportunities for thinking and learning.
- Apply flexible thinking strategies in complex scenarios



¤ StopThinkGo!

Take your time, Think before action; remaining calm, thoughtful and deliberative.


¤ Never Give Up!

Be persistent. Try again. Think of new ways to solve problems.

Stick to it. Persevering in a task through to completion; remaining focused.

¤ Listening with Understanding

Understand others. Devoting mental energy to another person's thoughts and ideas; 

Holding in one's thoughts in order to perceive another's point of view and emotions.


¤ Ask and Seek

How do you know? Having a questioning attitude; 

Knowing what data are needed and devloping questioning strategies to produce data; 

Finding problems to solve.


¤Spot On!

Check it again. Strive for Accuracy. A desire for excellence.


¤Visible Thinking

Show your thinking. Display thinking and express thinking to others.